INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AND CIVILIZATIONS

Chapter 1.1

 

The tools and techniques for gathering and using information are at the core of civilization. Information technologies include devices such as:

 

Paper

Pencils

Books

Newspapers cameras

Tape Recorders

Computers

 

and symbolic tools such as

Language

Mathematical symbols

Theories

Models

 

DEMONSTRATION OF INNIS AND TOOLS OVER PAST 5,000 YEARS

 

Without these tools we would not be able to visualize our environment, understand it and creatively control it.

 

The biggest innovations in technology during the past 5,000 years have been

Printed word

Newspaper

Book

which are all based on printing and movable type

 

Caused widespread literacy, and therefore self governance, democracy and popular culture

 

Digital technologies use electronics to transform information into digital, binary 0ís and 1ís. These technologies are replacing the printed word technologies of the last 500 years. (The accumulated body of knowledge over the past 5,000 years of civilization consists of millions of books, manuscripts and journals. All of this information can be put on a few hundred CD-ROMís. Some problems with that.

  

HOW INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES HELP US

 

GROUP WORK: DEFINE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND PUT THE DEFINITION UP ON THE BOARD

 

 Information technology helps us to see and visualize the world around us and communicate that information into a wide variety of computing devices that help us analyze and understand information in order to create solutions t. problems and control our lives.

 

FOUR BASIC TYPES OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

 

1. Sensing Technologies which are devices that help us to gather information and translate the information into a form that can be understood by a computer.

 

 

2. Communication Technologies that tie together and communicate information between sensing, analyzing, and display technologies

 

 

3. Analyzing technologies which include computer hardware(the physical equipment such as an IBM or Macintosh) and computer software (interface or programs like Office 97 or WordPerfect). These technologies store and process information.

 

 

DEMONSTRATION OF THE COMPUTE CENTER AT THE UNIVERSITY

DEMONSTRATION OF WHAT IS INSIDE A COMPUTER

 

4. Display technologies or the software or interface that make processed data available to users through sight or sound.