Take first steps in preparing a speech.

Select a narrow topic.

·        Consider the audience.

·        Choose a relevant topic.

·        Take into account the current knowledge of the audience about the topic.

·        Choose an important topic.

·        Consider the occasion.

·        Consider yourself. Choose topics that reflect your personal concerns and convictions.

·        Use strategies for researching topic ideas

·        Narrow your topic, by choosing progressively smaller areas with greater focus.

Determine your speech purpose

·        Speaking to inform.

·        Speaking to persuade

·        Speaking to entertain

·        Speaking Determine your purpose.

·        to educate

·        Speaking to demonstrate

Develop your central idea.

·        Use precise language

·        Limit your speech to a single idea called a thesis

·        Central ideas should be audience-centered.

·        Central ideas are a one-sentence summary of the speech.

Generate your main ideas.

·        Find logical divisions

·        Establish reasons for the truth of the central idea.

EXAMPLE: “Marriage as an Endangered Institution”.

-There are fewer marriages each year.

-There are more “live-in” arrangements.

-An increasing divorce rate.



Beebe, Steven., and Beebe, Susan. (2003). Public Speaking. “An Audience-Centered Approach. Fifth Edition. Pearson Education Inc. Boston, Mass.

Villagran, Morris; Wise, Charles and Ivy, Diana. (2003). Public Speaking. “An Audience Centered Approach”. Instructor’s Resource Manual for Beebe and Beebe. Pearson Education Inc. Boston, Mass.

Zeuschner, Raymond. (1997). Communicating Today. Allyn and Bacon. Needham Heights, Massachusetts.