Supportive materials can be drawn from five potential sources:


1.    Personal knowledge and experience

2.    Internet

3.    Library

4.    Interviews

5.    Press Releases


Personal knowledge


·        You are your best source.

·        Using personal illustrations, explanations, definitions will increase credibility with audiences.


The Internet


Five criteria can assist in validating web resources

1.    Is the source accountable?

2.    How accurate are the sources of facts, and have they been validated?

3.    Is the information presented in an objective manner?

4.    How current is the information?

5.    Is the presentation of the information diversity-sensitive?




·        Books

·        Journals

·        Full-text databases

·        Newspapers

·        Magazines

·        Directories

·        Statistical Index




·        Determine the purpose of the interview

·        Set up the interview

·        Gather background information

·        Plan specific questions

·        Plan question sequence, with the most difficult question being at the end.

·        Plan a recording strategy

·        Ask permision to record

·        Dress appropriately

·        Be on time

·        Maintain time limits

·        Thank the interviewee

·        Follow up the interview with a thank you letter


Special Interest Groups

·        Associations

·        Organizations

·        Government sources

·        Authors

·        Scholars

·        Newsmakers





Beebe, Steven., and Beebe, Susan. (2003). Public Speaking. “An Audience-Centered Approach. Fifth Edition. Pearson Education Inc. Boston, Mass.


Villagran, Morris; Wise, Charles and Ivy, Diana. (2003). Public Speaking. “An Audience Centered Approach”. Instructor’s Resource Manual for Beebe and Beebe. Pearson Education Inc. Boston, Mass.



Zeuschner, Raymond. (1997). Communicating Today. Allyn and Bacon. Needham Heights, Massachusetts.